## Year 2

· Count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number, forward and backward.

· Recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number (tens, ones).

· Identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line.

· Compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs.

· Read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words.

· Use place value and number facts to solve problems.

· Solve problems with addition and subtraction:

o using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures

o applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods

· Recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100.

· Add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including:

o a two-digit number and ones

o a two-digit number and tens

o two two-digit numbers

o adding three one-digit numbers.

· Show that addition of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of one number from another cannot.

· Recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems.

· Recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers.

· Calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division within the multiplication tables and write them using the multiplication (×), division (÷) and equals (=) signs.

· Show that multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of one number by another cannot.

· Solve problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts.

· Recognise, find, name and write fractions 1/3, ¼, 2/4 and ¾ of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity.

· Write simple fractions for example, ½ of 6 = 3 and recognise the equivalence of 2/4 and ½.

· Choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels.

· Compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and =.

· Recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value.

· Find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money.

· Solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change.

· Compare and sequence intervals of time.

· Tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times.

· Know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day.

· Identify and describe the properties of 2-D shapes, including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line.

· Identify and describe the properties of 3-D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces.

· Identify 2-D shapes on the surface of 3-D shapes [for example, a circle on a cylinder and a triangle on a pyramid].

· Compare and sort common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects.

· Order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences.

· Use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement, including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anti-clockwise).

· Interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and simple tables.

· Ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity.

· Ask and answer questions about totalling and comparing categorical data.

· Recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number (tens, ones).

· Identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line.

· Compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs.

· Read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words.

· Use place value and number facts to solve problems.

· Solve problems with addition and subtraction:

o using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures

o applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods

· Recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100.

· Add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including:

o a two-digit number and ones

o a two-digit number and tens

o two two-digit numbers

o adding three one-digit numbers.

· Show that addition of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of one number from another cannot.

· Recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems.

· Recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers.

· Calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division within the multiplication tables and write them using the multiplication (×), division (÷) and equals (=) signs.

· Show that multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of one number by another cannot.

· Solve problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts.

· Recognise, find, name and write fractions 1/3, ¼, 2/4 and ¾ of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity.

· Write simple fractions for example, ½ of 6 = 3 and recognise the equivalence of 2/4 and ½.

· Choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels.

· Compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and =.

· Recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value.

· Find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money.

· Solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change.

· Compare and sequence intervals of time.

· Tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times.

· Know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day.

· Identify and describe the properties of 2-D shapes, including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line.

· Identify and describe the properties of 3-D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces.

· Identify 2-D shapes on the surface of 3-D shapes [for example, a circle on a cylinder and a triangle on a pyramid].

· Compare and sort common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects.

· Order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences.

· Use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement, including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anti-clockwise).

· Interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and simple tables.

· Ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity.

· Ask and answer questions about totalling and comparing categorical data.

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