Key Stage 1

Exploring and developing ideas

  • Ask and answer questions to develop ideas
  • With support, use a sketchbook to begin gathering and recording art works and explorations

Evaluating and developing learning

  • Say what they like/don’t like when discussing works of art
  • With support, review both their own and others’ art works through discussion, describing what they think and feel
  • With support, consider ways in which they might develop future art works

Great artists, architects and designers in history

  • Begin to explore similarities and differences between works of art/architecture, artists or styles of art
  • Express thoughts and feelings about a piece of art
  • With support, take inspiration from artists/architects/ designers studied when creating art works


Year 1

  • Explore a variety of drawing and mark-making tools e.g. pencil, chalk, pastel, charcoal
  • Explore different textures and use of line
  • Begin to draw objects, landscapes from imagination and experience, and observation (with support)
  • Begin to draw for a set period of time, with age-appropriate focus

Year 2

  • Begin to control types of marks made with a range of drawing and mark-making tools
  • Continue to explore texture and line, including an expanding range of patterns
  • Observe and discuss use of shadows, light and dark
  • Begin to draw objects, landscapes and the figure (faces) from imagination, experience and observation
  • Draw for a set period of time, with age-appropriate focus

Focus artists: Pablo Picasso, Frieda Kahlo, Vincent Van Gogh, Sandro Botticelli


  • Begin to show control over the types of marks made
  • Paint using a variety of tools, such as thick and thin brushes, sponges and fingers.
  • Begin to select suitable tools to produce marks appropriate to work e.g. small brush for small marks
  • Show an understanding of the colour wheel
  • Name the primary colours, and start to mix them together to make secondary colours
  • Begin to understand the notion of colours creating or reflecting a mood or feeling e.g. warm and cool
  • Explore adding white and black to colours when mixing
  • Begin to work on a range of scales e.g. large brush on large paper

Focus artists: Edgar Degas, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Claude Monet


  • To explore printing with a range of materials
  • Use natural and made objects to create prints e.g. fruit, vegetables, corks or sponges
  • Begin to use techniques such as pressing, rolling, rubbing and stamping to make prints
  • Use repeating or overlapping shapes when printing
  • Recognise pattern in the environment, mimicking this with support
  • With support, use media and tools correctly to produce clean printed images
  • Use printmaking to create deliberate repeating patterns
  • Explore impressed printing e.g. printing from objects
  • Explore impressed printing e.g. printing from objects

Focus artists: Kandinsky, Mondrian, Delaunay, Jackson Pollock, Hilma af Klint


  • Begin to create images from imagination, experience or observation
  • Explore picture making using a wide variety of collage media, with an intended outcome or idea
  • Begin to sort and group media and materials based on their colour or texture
  • Begin to use a variety of collage media to create images from imagination, experience or observation
  • With support, create own media for collages e.g. painted papers, cut out or torn
  • Begin to identify different types and textures of materials for collage
  • Match and sort media and materials by colour, texture, size and shape

Focus artists: Lois Ehlert


  • Experiment in a variety of malleable media e.g. clay, playdough, salt dough
  • Explore techniques such as rolling, kneading, moulding, shaping and cutting
  • With support, begin to manipulate clay to create and combine shapes, perhaps creating recognisable forms
  • Begin to use simple tools to make marks and surface patterns e.g. relief tiles
  • Begin to understand and learn the safety and basic care of age-appropriate tools and materials
  • Construct and join recycled, natural and man-made materials with increasing confidence
  • Begin to use simple joining techniques when working with clay e.g. slip, score and blend