Lower Key Stage 2

Exploring and developing ideas

  • Develop ideas based on questioning and thoughtful observation, considering process and purpose with support
  • With support, begin to make informed choices e.g. in paper or media
  • Begin to adapt and refine ideas as they progress
  • Use a sketchbook to gather and collate art works

Evaluating and developing learning

  • Express opinions about works of art, justifying ideas
  • Begin to form opinions on the ideas, methods and outcomes of both their own and others’ work, and sharing these ideas
  • With support, begin to identify and describe ways in which art works might be developed further, perhaps making some adaptations
  • Include some annotations of art works within the sketchbook

Great artists, architects and designers in history

  • Discuss similarities and differences between works of art/architecture, artists or styles of art, using visual language
  • Articulately express thoughts and feelings about a piece of art
  • Replicate techniques and styles used by artists/architects/ designers studied
  • Draw inspiration from artists/ architects/designers studied when creating art works


Year 3

  • Begin to understand different grades of pencils, exploring their qualities
  • Experiment with drawing different shapes and forms
  • Begin to use shading techniques to suggest shadow and light
  • Begin to use hatching and cross hatching to suggest texture and tone
  • Begin to consider scale and composition when drawing
  • Begin to draw for a sustained period of time at an age-appropriate level
  • With support, create and begin to understand the value of preparatory sketches

Year 4

  • Experiment with different grades of pencils and other tools to achieve variation in tone
  • Explore relationships between line, tone, pattern, shape and texture
  • Begin to identify and draw the effect of light using a variety of shading techniques
  • Use techniques such as hatching and cross hatching to suggest texture and tone with increasing accuracy and skill
  • Begin to consider proportion, scale and composition when drawing
  • Begin to draw for a sustained period of time at an appropriate level, including from observation and the figure
  • Create initial/preparatory sketches in preparation for final piece of work

Focus artists: Norman Foster, Giorgio Morandi, Paul Cezanne


  • Begin to paint with increasing confidence, using a variety of tools and brush techniques
  • Begin to experiment with different effects and textures e.g. colour washes, scraping through and colour blocking
  • Mix a variety of colours, shades, tints and tones independently.
  • Build confidence in mixing colour shades, tints and tones using black and white.
  • Use existing knowledge of colour wheel to explore complementary and contrasting colours with purpose
  • Work with confidence on a range of scales e.g. thin brush on small paper
  • Begin to name and identify different types of paint
  • Work in the style of a selected artist, without copying
  • Begin to work on preliminary studies to explore media and materials

Focus artists: J. M. W. Turner


  • Print simple pictures using a variety of printing techniques with increasing independence e.g. relief and press
  • With support, discuss use of colour, shape and style when planning printing
  • Make repeating patterns, and replicate patterns observed in natural or built environments
  • Begin to design patterns of increasing complexity and repetition
  • Learn about the use of inks, and their characteristics and properties
  • Begin to make decisions on colour, shape and style of printing when working towards an outcome
  • Use media and tools with skill to produce clean printed images
  • Print precise repeating patterns, expanding experience of multi-colour printing (2 or more colours)
  • With support, use a variety of traditional printing techniques, such as monoprint, block and press printing


  • Use a variety of collage media to create images from imagination, experience or observation
  • Begin to experiment with overlapping and layering a range of collage media
  • Begin to consider colour and texture (rough and smooth, plain and patterned) when creating collaged images
  • Begin to select and arrange materials for a particular effect
  • Use a wide variety of media to create textured collages, based around a chosen theme or idea, from observation, imagination or experience
  • With support, explore a range of collage techniques and apply these ideas in their work e.g. photomontage, paper cut outs and joiners
  • Select and arrange materials with increasing awareness, for a particular effect or purpose or to express feeling e.g. colour or texture
  • With support, explore working collaboratively on a larger scale

Focus artists: David Hockney


  • Begin to model and develop work in clay through a combination of pinch, slab and coil techniques
  • With support, use simple tools to explore different ways of finishing works e.g. surface pattern, paint or glaze
  • Use simple joining techniques when working with clay e.g. slip, score and blend
  • Work in a safe and organised way, handling tools appropriately and caring for equipment
  • Construct and join recycled, natural and man-made materials with confidence and purpose
  • Begin to show an understanding of pinch, slab and coil techniques, creating recognisable forms in clay
  • Use simple tools to explore different ways of finishing works e.g. surface pattern, paint or glaze
  • Begin to plan sculpture and models through drawing, model making and other preparatory work

 Focus artists: Christo, Andy Goldsworthy