Year 2

Locational knowledge

Location, scale

  • Continent; country; ocean; city
  • Reinforce learning about the seven continents and five oceans.
  • The Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn
  • Northern & Southern Hemispheres
  • The Arctic & Antarctic Circle
  • The Antarctic & the Arctic
  • Africa is a continent made up of 54 countries
  • The names of the countries in the United Kingdom
  • The names, of the four capital cities of the countries in the United Kingdom
  • An increasing understanding of 2-D and 3-D maps through further exposure to Google Earth
  • The difference between a plan view and a satellite view

Place knowledge

Space, place, interconnections

  • Knowledge of the similarities and differences between the Arctic and the Antarctic
  • Compare temperatures of UK & Antarctica.
  • Comparing seasonal weather patterns in London and in Cape Town.

Human and physical geography

Human and physical geography, cultural awareness and diversity

  • To know what a desert is
  • To know what a glacier is
  • Initial understanding of key features of mountainous regions.
  • To know what an island is.
  • To understand the difference between a rural area and an urban area.
  • Geographical vocabulary associated with coastal regions: beach; coastline; pier; promenade; peninsula; headland
  • Initial understanding about the difference between weather and climate
  • Understanding the concept of measurement of different weather features

The environment

Physical and human processes, environmental impact and sustainability

  • An initial understanding of the concept of an ‘attraction’ and why it might make people visit a particular location.

Data and maps

Observation, collecting data, analysing data, communicating about data, using sources of geographical information, interpreting sources of geographical information, communicating information in a variety of ways, making meaning by using specific and precise geographical vocabulary

  • The ability to compare and contrast (similarities and differences)
  • The ability to categorize
  • The ability to ‘read’ and interpret a Geographical Information System (Google Earth)
  • An ever increasing geographical vocabulary
  • The ability to evaluate features of the local environment and express views about those features
  • Reading and interpreting a table of information
  • Map making (further progression from Year 1)
  • Start to be able to use the 8 compass point directions