Year 4

Locational knowledge

Location, scale

  • Further knowledge of the location of European countries and their mountain ranges, rivers, seas.
  • Knowledge of the regions and counties of England
  • Knowledge of where some volcanoes are located
  • Knowledge of where the USA is
  • An introduction to lines of latitude and longitude

Place knowledge

Space, place, interconnections

  • Knowledge about some of the countries in Europe and their main physical features
  • Exploring features of an alternative environment to their own

Human and physical geography

Human and physical geography, cultural awareness and diversity

  • A significant increase in geographical vocabulary
  • Knowledge of the names of different physical geographical processes that reshape the landscape.
  • Knowledge of the four layers of the earth, the earth’s plates, fault lines, Ring of Fire, earthquakes and volcanoes.
  • Knowledge of the water cycle and life cycle of a river

The environment

Physical and human processes, environmental impact and sustainability

  • A basic understanding of sustainability and climate change and how to look after the planet
  • Initial understanding of the concept of ‘responsible tourism’
  • An understanding of what sea level means and an appreciation of the implications of a rise in sea level
  • How flooding can be prevented
  • A basic understanding of what the greenhouse effect is and fossil fuels
  • Knowledge about plastic pollution including microplastics

Data and maps

Observation, collecting data, analysing data, communicating about data, using sources of geographical information, interpreting sources of geographical information, communicating information in a variety of ways, making meaning by using specific and precise geographical vocabulary

  • Developing their ability to read information from a map
  • Labelling and creating geographic diagrams
  • Interpreting and representing information about weather in table and graph form
  • The skills of seeing the pros and cons of a situation and comparing and contrasting
  • The skills of evaluating features of an alternative environment to their own and expressing views about those features.
  • The skill of carrying out a simple geographical enquiry
  • The ability to use reasoning to reach conclusions about ‘geographical problems’ and suggest solutions