Key stage 1

Historical knowledge

Chronological understanding

Pupils should develop an awareness of the past, using common words and phrases relating to the passing of time. They should know where the people and events they study fit within a chronological framework.

Children can:

  • sequence artefacts and events that are close together in time;
  • order dates from earliest to latest on simple timelines;
  • sequence pictures from different periods;
  • describe memories and changes that have happened in their own lives;
  • use words and phrases such as: old, new, earliest, latest, past, present, future, century, new, newest, old, oldest, modern, before, after to show the passing of time.

Historical knowledge and understanding of events, people and changes in the past

Pupils should identify similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods.

Children should choose and use parts of stories and other sources to show that they know and understand key features of events.

Children can:

  • recognise some similarities and differences between the past and the present;
  • identify similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods;
  • know and recount episodes from stories and significant events in history;
  • understand that there are reasons why people in the past acted as they did;
  • describe significant individuals from the past.

Historical skills

Historical interpretations and evidence

Children should understand some of the ways in which we find out about the past and identify different ways in which it is represented.

Children can:

  • start to compare two versions of a past event;
  • observe and use pictures, photographs and artefacts to find out about the past;
  • start to use stories or accounts to distinguish between fact and fiction;
  • explain that there are different types of evidence and sources that can be used to help represent the past.

Historical enquiry and evaluation

Children should ask and answer questions, using other sources to show that they know and understand key features of events.

Children can:

  • observe or handle evidence to ask simple questions about the past;
  • observe or handle evidence to find answers to simple questions about the past on the basis of simple observations;
  • choose and select evidence and say how it can be used to find out about the past.

Presenting, organising and communicating ideas

Pupils should use a wide vocabulary of everyday historical terms.

Children can:

  • show an understanding of historical terms, such as monarch, parliament, government, war, remembrance;
  • talk, write and draw about things from the past;
  • use historical vocabulary to retell simple stories about the past;
  • use drama/role play to communicate their knowledge about the past.