Upper key stage 2

Historical Knowledge

(Substantive knowledge)


Year 5

·    Britain during World War 2

·    Role of women in WW2 including Nella Last & Noor Inayat Khan.

·    Evacuation of children from cities

·    Propaganda campaigns – Dig for Victory

·    Movement of peoples during and after  WW2 -Empire Windrush

·    End of Roman Empire

·    Anglo Saxons

·    Beowulf

·    The Legend  of King Arthur

·    Early Christianity in Britain

·    Vikings

·    Battle  of Hastings

Year 6

·    Victorian inventions(building from Y4)

·    Growth of the railways

·    Victorian workhouses

·    The Industrial Revolution

·    Isambard Kingdom Brunel

·    The Kingdom of Benin

·    Transatlantic Slave trade

·    Olaudah Equiano

·    Early Islamic civilization

·    The end of empires

·    Islamic art

·    Ancient Greece

·    Greek Myths & Legends

·    The birth of democracy

·    The origin of the Olympic Games

·    Greek philosophers: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle

Historical Concepts

(disciplinary knowledge)



KS2 History National Curriculum

Pupils should continue to develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British, local and world history, establishing clear narratives within and across the periods they study.

Children can:

  • order an increasing number of significant events, movements and dates on a timeline using dates accurately;
  • accurately use dates and terms to describe historical events;
  • understand and describe in some detail the main changes to an aspect in a period in history;
  • understand how some historical events/periods occurred concurrently in different locations, e.g. Viking invasions of Britain, the Kingdom of Benin and The Golden Age of Islam.
Historical Evidence

KS2 History National Curriculum

Children should understand how our knowledge of the past is constructed from a range of sources.

Children can:

  • find and analyse a wide range of evidence about the past;
  • use a range of evidence to offer some clear reasons for different interpretations of events, linking this to factual understanding about the past;
  • consider different ways of checking the accuracy of interpretations of the past;
  • start to understand the difference between primary and secondary evidence and the impact of this on reliability;
  • show an awareness of the concept of propaganda;
  • know that people in the past represent events or ideas in a way that may be to persuade others;
  • begin to evaluate the usefulness of different sources.

Continuity & Change, Cause & Consequence, Similarity & Difference, Significance

KS2 History National Curriculum

Pupils should note connections, contrasts and trends over time.

Children can:

  • identify and note connections, contrasts and trends over time in the everyday lives of people;
  • use appropriate historical terms such as culture, religious, social, economic and political when describing the past;
  • examine causes and results of great events and the impact these had on people;
  • describe the key features of the past, including attitudes, beliefs and the everyday lives of men, women and children.
Historical Skills

Historical enquiry and evaluation

KS2 History National Curriculum

Pupils should regularly address and sometimes devise historically valid questions about change, cause, similarity and difference, and significance.

Children should construct informed responses that involve thoughtful selection and organisation of relevant historical information.

Children can:

  • recognise when they are using primary and secondary sources of information to investigate the past;
  • use a wide range of different sources to collect evidence about the past, such as ceramics, pictures, documents, printed sources, posters, online material, pictures, photographs, artefacts, historic statues, figures, sculptures, historic sites;
  • select relevant sections of information to address historically valid questions and construct detailed, informed responses;
  • investigate their own lines of enquiry by posing historically valid questions to answer.

Presenting, organising

and communicating ideas

KS2 History National Curriculum

Pupils should develop the appropriate use of historical terms.

Children can:

  • know and show a good understanding of historical vocabulary including abstract terms such as democracy, civilisation, social, political, economic, cultural, religious;
  • present, communicate and organise ideas about the past using detailed discussions and debates and different genres of writing such as myths, instructions, accounts, diaries, letters, information/travel guides, posters, news reports;
  • plan and present a self-directed project or research about the studied period.