# Key stage 1

## Place value, counting

### Year 1

• Count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number
• Count numbers to 100 in numerals; count in multiples of twos, fives and tens

Autumn 1 and 4, Spring 2, Summer 3

### Year 2

• Count in steps of 2, 3 and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number, forward and backward

Autumn 1

## Place value, represent

### Year 1

• Identify and represent numbers using objects and pictorial representations
• Read and write numbers to 100 in numerals
• Read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in numerals and words

Autumn 1 and 4, Spring 2, Summer

### Year 2

• Read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words
• Identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations including the number line

Autumn 1

## Place value context and compare

### Year 1

• Given a number, identify one more and one less

Autumn 1

### Year 2

• Recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number (tens, ones)
• Compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs

Autumn 1

## Place value, problems and rounding

### Year 2

• Use place value and number facts to solve problems

Autumn 1

## Addition and subtraction, recall, represent, use

### Year 1

• Read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (-) and equals (=) signs
• Represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20

Autumn 2, spring 1

### Year 2

• Recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently and derive and use related facts up to 100
• Show that addition of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of one number from another cannot
• Recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems

Autumn 2

### Year 1

• Add and subtract one-digit and two-digit numbers to 20, including zero

Autumn 2, spring 1

### Year 2

• Add and subtract numbers mentally including:
• A two-digit number and ones
• A two-digit number and tens
• Two two-digit numbers

Autumn 2

## Addition and subtraction, solve problems

### Year 1

• Solve one-step problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects and pictorial representations and missing number problems such as 7 = 󠄀󠄀x – 9

Autumn 2, spring 1

### Year 2

• Solve problems with addition and subtraction:
• Using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures
• Applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods

Autumn 2, spring 1

## Multiplication and division, recall, represent use

### Year 2

• Recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers
• Show that multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of one number by another cannot

Autumn 4, spring 1

## Multiplication and division, calculations

### Year 2

• Calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division within the multiplication tables and write them using the multiplication (x), division (÷) and equals (=) signs

Autumn 4, spring 1

## Multiplication and division, solve problems

### Year 1

• Solve one-step problems involving multiplication and division, by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays with the support of the teacher

Summer 1

### Year 2

• Solve problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts

Autumn 4, spring 1

## Fractions, recognise and write

### Year 1

• Recognise, find and name a half as one of two equal parts of an object, shape or quantity
• Recognise, find and name a quarter as one of four equal parts of an object, shape or quantity

Summer 2

### Year 2

• Recognise, find, name and write fractions:
• 1/3 of a length, shape, objects or quantity
• 1/4 of a length, shape, objects or quantity
• 2/4 of a length, shape, objects or quantity
• 3/4 of a length, shape, objects or quantity

Spring 4

## Fractions, compare

### Year 2

• Recognise the equivalence of 2/4 and 1/2

Spring 4

## Fractions, calculations

### Years 2

• Write simple fractions (ie. ½ of 6 = 3)

Spring 4

## Algebra

### Year 1

• Solve one-step problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects and pictorial representations.
• Solve missing number problems such as
7 = 󠄀󠄀? - 9

Throughout the year, although algebraic notation is not introduced until Year 6

### Year 2

• Recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems

Throughout the year, although algebraic notation is not introduced until Year 6

## Measurement: using measures

### Year 1

• Compare, describe and solve practical problems for:
• Lengths and heights (ie. Longer, shorter, double, halve)
• Mass/weight (ie. Heavier, lighter)
• Capacity and volume (ie. Full, empty, more than, less than, half full)
• Time (ie. quicker, slower, earlier, later)
• Measure and begin to record the following:
• Lengths and heights
• Mass/weight
• Capacity and volume
• Time (hours, minutes, seconds)

Spring 3 and 4, summer 6

### Year 2

• Choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length and height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg and g); temperature (°c); capacity (l/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels
• Compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using <, > and =

Spring 5, summer 4

## Measurement: money

### Year 1

• Recognise and know the value of different denominations of coins and notes

Summer 5

### Year 2

• Recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value
• Find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money
• Solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change

Autumn 3

## Measurement: time

### Year 1

• Sequence events in chronological order using language (ie. Before, after, next, first, today, yesterday, tomorrow, morning, afternoon and evening)
• Recognise and use language relating to dates, including days of the week, weeks, months and years
• Tell the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times

Summer 6

### Year 2

• Compare and sequence intervals of time
• Tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times
• Know that there are 60 minutes in an hour and 24 hours in a day

Summer 3

## Geometry: 2D shapes

### Year 1

• Recognise and name common 2D shapes (ie. rectangles including squares, circles and triangles)

Autumn 3

### Year 2

• Identify and describe the properties of 2D shapes, including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line
• Identify 2D shapes on the surface of 3D shapes (ie, a circle on a cylinder or a triangle on a pyramid)
• Compare and sort common 2D shapes and everyday objects

Spring 3

## Geometry: 3D shapes

### Year 1

• Recognise and name common 3D shapes (ie. cuboids including cubes, pyramids and spheres)

Autumn 3

### Year 2

• Recognise and name common 3D shapes (ie. cuboids including cubes, pyramids and spheres)
• Compare and sort common 3D shapes and everyday objects

Spring 3

## Geometry: position and direction

### Year 1

• Describe position, direction and movement, including whole, quarter and three-quarter turns

Summer 3

### Year 2

• Order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences
• Use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement, including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anti-clockwise)

Spring 3, summer 1

## Statistics: present and interpret

### Year 2

• Interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and simple tables

Spring 2

## Statistics: solve problems

### Year 2

• Ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity