Year 2

At Thomas Jones, our Programme of Study for Personal Development sets out learning opportunities for each key stage across our six core themes. Learning opportunities within each core theme for each year group are organised around one or more key questions. These questions frame each unit of learning. The question provides a ‘hook’ for the children and an opportunity to connect learning throughout the unit. The question is returned to throughout each unit to demonstrate development of the children’s knowledge, understanding and skills. Questions have been carefully sequenced to ensure progression.

Identity and belonging

What makes me unique?

H22. to recognise the ways in which we are all unique

H23. to identify what they are good at, what they like and dislike

H24. how to manage when finding things difficult

H25. to name the main parts of the body including external genitalia (e.g. vulva,  vagina, penis, testicles)

R4. to identify common features of family life

Feelings, friendship and behaviour

How are we kind and friendly?

H14. how to recognise what others might be feeling

H15. to recognise that not everyone feels the same at the same time, or feels the same about the same things

H16. about ways of sharing feelings; a range of words to describe feelings

R6. about how people make friends and what makes a good friendship

R7. about how to recognise when they or someone else feels lonely and what to do

R8. simple strategies to resolve arguments between friends positively

R9. how to ask for help if a friendship is making them feel unhappy

R11. about how people may feel if they experience hurtful behaviour or bullying

R12. that hurtful behaviour (offline and online) including teasing, name-calling,  bullying and deliberately excluding others is not acceptable; how to report bullying; the importance of telling a trusted adult

R21. about what is kind and unkind behaviour, and how this can affect others

R22. about how to treat themselves and others with respect; how to be polite and courteous

R24. how to listen to other people and play and work cooperatively

Health and wellbeing

How do I make healthy choices?

H5. simple hygiene routines that can stop germs from spreading

H6. that medicines (including vaccinations and immunisations and those that support allergic reactions) can help people to stay healthy

H8. how to keep safe in the sun and protect skin from sun damage

H9. about different ways to learn and play; recognising the importance of knowing when to take a break from time online or TV

H10. about the people who help us to stay physically healthy

H17. about things that help people feel good (e.g. playing outside, doing things they enjoy, spending time with family, getting enough sleep)

Safety and risk

How can I stay safe?

H29. to recognise risk in simple everyday situations and what action to take to minimise harm

H30. about how to keep safe at home (including around electrical appliances) and fire safety (e.g. not playing with matches and lighters)

H31. that household products (including medicines) can be harmful if not used correctly

H32. ways to keep safe in familiar and unfamiliar environments (e.g. beach, shopping centre, park, swimming pool, on the street) and how to cross the road safely

H37. about things that people can put into their body or on their skin; how these can affect how people feel

R13. to recognise that some things are private and the importance of respecting privacy; that parts of their body covered by underwear are private

R15. how to respond safely to adults they don’t know

R16. about how to respond if physical contact makes them feel uncomfortable or unsafe

R17. about knowing there are situations when they should ask for permission and also when their permission should be sought

R18. about the importance of not keeping adults’ secrets (only happy surprises that others will find out about eventually)

R19. basic techniques for resisting pressure to do something they don’t want to

do and which may make them unsafe

R20. what to do if they feel unsafe or worried for themselves or others; who to

ask for help and vocabulary to use when asking for help; importance of keeping trying until they are heard

H33. to know about the people whose job it is to help keep us safe

H35. to know what to do if there is an accident and someone is hurt

H36. how to get help in an emergency (how to dial 999 and what to say)

How do I stay safe online?

R14. that sometimes people may behave differently online, including by

pretending to be someone they are not

H34. basic rules to keep safe online, including what is meant by personal information and what should be kept private; the importance of telling a trusted

adult if they come across something that scares them

L7. about how the internet and digital devices can be used safely to find things

out and to communicate with others

L8. about the role of the internet in everyday life

L9. that not all information seen online is true

Money and the workplace

What could I be when I grow up?

L14. that everyone has different strengths

L17. about some of the strengths and interests someone might need to do different jobs

Being a good citizen

What are my responsibilities?

L2. how people and other living things have different needs; about the responsibilities of caring for them

L3. about things they can do to help look after their environment