Year 3

At Thomas Jones, our Programme of Study for Personal Development sets out learning opportunities for each key stage across our six core themes. Learning opportunities within each core theme for each year group are organised around one or more key questions. These questions frame each unit of learning. The question provides a ‘hook’ for the children and an opportunity to connect learning throughout the unit. The question is returned to throughout each unit to demonstrate development of the children’s knowledge, understanding and skills. Questions have been carefully sequenced to ensure progression.

Identity and belonging

How are we the same and different?

H25. about personal identity; what contributes to who we are (e.g. ethnicity, family, gender, faith, culture, hobbies, likes/dislikes)

L8. about diversity: what it means; the benefits of living in a diverse community; about valuing diversity within communities 

L10. about prejudice; how to recognise behaviours/actions which discriminate against others; ways of responding to it if witnessed or experience

R21. about discrimination: what it means and how to challenge it

R32. about respecting the differences and similarities between people and recognising what they have in common with others e.g. physically, in personality or background

R33. to listen and respond respectfully to a wide range of people, including those whose traditions, beliefs and lifestyle are different to their own.


To identify different groups we belong to

To explain what it means to belong to a group or community

To recognise some of the ways we can be made to feel like we don’t belong

To describe how we can help people feel valued and welcome

Feelings, friendship and behaviour

How can we describe and manage our feelings?

H17. to recognise that feelings can change over time and range in intensity

H18. about everyday things that affect feelings and the importance of expressing feelings

H19. a varied vocabulary to use when talking about feelings; about how to express feelings in different ways

H20. strategies to respond to feelings, including intense or conflicting feelings; how to manage and respond to feelings appropriately and proportionately in different situations

H23. about change and loss, including death, and how these can affect feelings; ways of expressing and managing grief and bereavement

H36. strategies to manage transitions between classes and key stages

How can I be a good friend?

R1. to recognise that there are different types of relationships (e.g. friendships, family relationships, romantic relationships, online relationships)

R 10. about the importance of friendships; strategies for building positive friendships; how positive friendships support wellbeing

R11. what constitutes a positive healthy friendship (e.g. mutual respect, trust, truthfulness, loyalty, kindness, generosity, sharing interests and experiences, support with problems and difficulties); that the same principles apply to online friendships as to face-to-face relationships

R13. the importance of seeking support if feeling lonely or excluded

R14. that healthy friendships make people feel included; recognise when others may feel lonely or excluded; strategies for how to include them

R16. how friendships can change over time, about making new friends and the benefits of having different types of friends

R17. that friendships have ups and downs; strategies to resolve disputes and reconcile differences positively and safely

Health and wellbeing

How can I keep my mind and body healthy?

H1. how to make informed decisions about health

H2. about the elements of a balanced, healthy lifestyle

H3. about choices that support a healthy lifestyle, and recognise what might influence these

H5. about what good physical health means; how to recognise early signs of physical illness

H6. about what constitutes a healthy diet; how to plan healthy meals; benefits to health and wellbeing of eating nutritionally rich foods; risks associated with not eating a healthy diet including obesity and tooth decay.

H10. how medicines, when used responsibly, contribute to health; that some diseases can be prevented by vaccinations and immunisations; how allergies can be managed

H11. how to maintain good oral hygiene (including correct brushing and flossing); why regular visits to the dentist are essential; the impact of lifestyle choices on dental care (e.g. sugar consumption/acidic drinks such as fruit juices, smoothies and fruit teas; the effects of smoking)

H12. about the benefits of sun exposure and risks of overexposure; how to keep safe from sun damage and sun/heat stroke and reduce the risk of skin cancer

H15. that mental health, just like physical health, is part of daily life; the importance of taking care of mental health

H16. about strategies and behaviours that support mental health — including how good quality sleep, physical exercise/time outdoors, being involved in community groups, doing things for others, clubs, and activities, hobbies and spending time with family and friends can support mental health and wellbeing

H27. to recognise their individuality and personal qualities

H28. to identify personal strengths, skills, achievements and interests and how these

Safety and risk

How do we identify risks?

H37. reasons for following and complying with regulations and restrictions (including age restrictions); how they promote personal safety and wellbeing with reference to social media, television programmes, films, games and online gaming

H38. how to predict, assess and manage risk in different situations

H39. about hazards (including fire risks) that may cause harm, injury or risk in the home and what they can do reduce risks and keep safe

H40. about the importance of taking medicines correctly and using household products safely, (e.g. following instructions carefully)

H41. strategies for keeping safe in the local environment or unfamiliar places (rail, water, road) and firework safety; safe use of digital devices when out and about

H35. To understand the new opportunities and responsibilities that increasing independence may bring

R24. how to respond safely and appropriately to adults they may encounter (in all contexts including online) whom they do not know.

H46. about the risks and effects of legal drugs common to everyday life (e.g. cigarettes, e-cigarettes/vaping, alcohol and medicines) and their impact on health; recognise that drug use can become a habit which can be difficult to break.

H47. to recognise that there are laws surrounding the use of legal drugs and that some drugs are illegal to own, use and give to others

H48. about why people choose to use or not use drugs (including nicotine, alcohol and medicines);

H49. about the mixed messages in the media about drugs, including alcohol and smoking/vaping

H50. about the organisations that can support people concerning alcohol, tobacco and nicotine or other drug use; people they can talk to if they have concerns

H43. about what is meant by first aid; basic techniques for dealing with common injuries

H44. how to respond and react in an emergency situation; how to identify situations that may require the emergency services; know how to contact them and what to say

Money and the workplace

How do we decide how to spend our money?

L17. about some of the strengths and interests someone might need to do different jobs

L 17. about the different ways to pay for things and the choices people have about this

L18. to recognise that people have different attitudes towards saving and spending money; what influences people’s decisions; what makes something ‘good value for money’

L19. that people’s spending decisions can affect others and the environment (e.g. Fair trade, buying single-use plastics, or giving to charity)

L20. to recognise that people make spending decisions based on priorities, needs and wants

Being a good citizen

What does it mean to be part of a community?

L4. the importance of having compassion towards others; shared responsibilities we all have for caring for other people and living things; how to show care and concern for others

L6. about the different groups that make up their community; what living in a community means

L7. to value the different contributions that people and groups make to the community